|The desire for cheap labor drove businesses/manufactures to recruit blacks to Milwaukee in the middle portion of the 20th century-- poor future-time orientation has doomed 2013 Milwaukee to having some of the highest rates of black crime in America|
Where in 2011 'dozens to hundreds of blacks' attacked whites at the Wisconsin State Fair.
A city with one of the lowest levels of black employment in the entire nation. Only Buffalo and Detroit have lower rates of employment for black males [Employment of black men drops drastically: UWM study of 2010 census data finds record low in Milwaukee, Milwaukee Journal-Sentinel, 1-23-12].
A city that is 40 percent black and 37 percent white -- where 45 percent of blacks and only 5 percent of whites were on food stamps/EBT in 2009 (well, residents of Milwaukee County).
Milwaukee, a city with one of the highest poverty rates in all of America (we should probably qualify this poverty, for it does have a color) -- where 41 percent of the black population is considered 'poor'.
A city where the police department has come under-fire recently because the only areas where criminal activity takes place is in areas devoid of whiteness [New Milwaukee police procedures address racial profiling, crime data, Milwaukee Journal-Sentinel, 2-7-13].
A city where the most violent zip code (53206) is 96 percent black. Worse, almost every murder suspect is black:
The 2011 Milwaukee Homicide Review Commission is a review of police data compiled from Wisconsin’s largest city.
Milwaukee, with a population of just less than 600,000, is 40 percent African-American and 37 percent white. The 2011 Homicide Review Commission reports there were 86 homicides that year, with 93 percent of the suspects black males.
Overall, the homicide rate was 14.5 per 100,000 residents, and the nonfatal shooting rate was 79.5 per 100,000 residents. However, when broken down by race, “the homicide rate per black residents is 27.9 per 100,000 compared to 9.7 per 100,000 Latino residents and 1.7 per 100,000 White residents.”Digging deeper into the Homicide Review Commission, the reality of gun crime in Milwaukee becomes transparently black. In 2010 and 2011, white people represented only one percent of nonfatal shooting suspects (p. 21). In 2010, there were 204 nonfatal shooting suspects, with blacks representing 88 percent of the suspects. Hispanics represented 15 percent of the suspects. In 2011, there were 183 nonfatal shooting suspects and blacks were 89 percent of the suspects; Hispanics represented seven percent of the suspects.
It's a dying city -- well, courtesy of a certain racial demographic that is becoming increasingly obsolete in the 21st century [Milwaukee's deep racial, economic divisions are challenges to rebirth: When Milwaukee's then-thriving factories sought the labor of African-Americans migrating from the South, roughly three out of four black families here were husband-wife. Today: 31%, Milwaukee Journal-Sentinel, April 16, 2013]:
The metropolitan region as a whole - Milwaukee, Waukesha, Ozaukee and Washington counties - ranks in the upper half of large metropolitan areas in per capita income. But beneath that level of relative prosperity lie entrenched poverty in much of Milwaukee and wide gaps in economic well-being between city and suburbs, black and white.
In almost no large metropolitan area is there a greater difference in black and white income. In few if any large metro areas is poverty as highly concentrated within the major city - 73% of the area's poor live in Milwaukee proper, compared with 64% of the poor in Columbus, Ohio; 53% in Oklahoma City; or 47% in San Diego.
"Milwaukee stands out as a place where the poor are quite isolated," said Sean Reardon, a professor of education at Stanford University who has studied the growth of income segregation in the United States.
It most hurts the poor themselves, who often lack reliable transportation to tap job opportunities far from the central city.
But the effects arguably spill over a wider area. The poverty in the city presents a potential drag on the region's economic health and its attractiveness to employers, said Tim Sheehy, president of the Metropolitan Milwaukee Association of Commerce.
"It's dangerous for the economy of Milwaukee to look like a barbell, where you have concentrated wealth on one end and concentrated poverty on the other," he said.
Professor Chris Benner of the University of California, Davis said regions that are more segregated in terms of income or race tend to grow more slowly.
"There are a bunch of reasons intuitively why that may be the case," he said. "If you have a declining central city and poor infrastructure and a lot of broken windows and a lot of signs of poverty, it's going to be harder to attract new investment, harder to get businesses growing there. You've got all the loss of human capital, of high dropout rates and high levels of poverty and all those sorts of social dislocation that go along with that."
Those are among problems with which Milwaukee's black community has struggled. One result, and possible contributing factor: A decline in married-couple African-American families that has left Milwaukee almost without peer in the United States.
Fifty years ago, when Milwaukee's then-thriving factories sought the labor of African-Americans migrating from the South, roughly three out of four black families here were husband-wife. Today: 31%.
"This is shocking," said Danae Davis, chief executive officer of PEARLS for Teen Girls Inc., a nonprofit that seeks to help girls achieve in school, avoid pregnancy and pursue their goals. "Thirty-one percent. I would think we would be sounding the alarm."
...Wisconsin incarcerates black men at an especially high level. In fact, a newly released analysis of 2010 census data by John Pawasarat and Lois Quinn of the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee found that Wisconsin had the highest incarceration rate, with one in eight African-American men of working age behind bars. No other state came close.
In 1970, Milwaukee was close to the U.S. average in terms of married-couple African-American families. During the following 10 years, the percentage here fell off a cliff, dropping much more sharply than it did nationally. The decline was so severe that by 1980, Milwaukee already was at or near the bottom of the country in percentage of black families with both a husband and a wife.
At the same time, the number of young-adult black women was increasing more rapidly than the number of young-adult black men. One possible but disputed factor: Relatively high welfare benefits during the '70s and '80s - as much as 50% more than in neighboring Illinois.
The existence - or not - of so-called "welfare migration" was heatedly debated, without resolution. But in any event, Milwaukee continued to be a major destination for poor African-Americans even after the area had shed tens of thousands of the factory jobs that previously had lured workers.
During the late '80s, some 6,800 African-Americans with incomes below the poverty line moved to Milwaukee from other states, demographer William Frey, then with the University of Michigan, found.So -- long ago, business owners wanted cheap labor to drive down costs and increase profit margins.
Enter a migration of black people to Milwaukee.
Couple this desire for cheap labor with a 'generous' welfare system - those silly Midwestern sons and daughters of Scandinavia - and you have an incredibly combustible situation of poor future-time orientation by the founding white fathers of the city of Milwaukee.
Well -- do you now understand why Milwaukee is the city where the term 'Oh, White Girl Bleeds A Lot' was uttered?
If Milwaukee wants to 'move forward' and separate itself from loser cities like Baltimore, Cleveland, St. Louis, Birmingham, Memphis, Buffalo, and Kansas City, it simply needs to offer the black population an incentive to leave and move back south.
It's that simple.
Black labor is no longer needed, and the costs associated with maintaining the black population (welfare, police, security, and - worse- the erosion of property value in majority black zip codes and subsequent loss of tax revenue) is threatening to claim yet another major American city's vitality.
There isn't one city in America with a majority black population (save Washington D.C.) that is attracting either outside capital - business - investment or productive non-black citizens who want to relocate there and raise a family.
The prior paragraph is a powerful reminder of the reality of inequality in 21st century America.
To survive as a city and stave off the same scenario that doomed Detroit, the city leaders of Milwaukee must find a way to encourage an out-migration of blacks.
If not, get used to the term 'white girl bleed a lot'.