|Memo to Dr. Sugrue: It's just blacks...|
He's a hardcore disingenuous white liberal (DWL), but what's fascinating about the new edition is the preface. It includes a simple breakdown of Detroit's demise that, when pulled out and made to stand on its own, doesn't deviate significantly from the Paul Kersey thesis of the Arsenal of Democracy's downfall.
What do you think? From The Origins of the Urban Crisis: Race and Inequality in Postwar Detroit, we proudly present to you p. xvii from the preface to the new edition:
The combination of job loss, depopulation, disinvestment, property devaluation, and commercial decline... came at the worst possible moment, when the city became poorer and blacker, and as its infrastructure began to age and deteriorate. Demands on city services increased; schools had to deal with growing numbers of children coming from disadvantaged households and, at the same time, out-of-date, deteriorating buildings; sewer and water lines grew older and burst; streets were pockmarked with potholes; and the city's police and fire department dealt with endemic crime and fire. One of the consequences of the war on drugs, beginning in the 1980s, was a dramatic increase in arrests and, as a result, a steep increase in local spending on law enforcement, criminal justice, and imprisonment.Reliance on public jobs to create an artificial middle class, while the city they inherited via white flight (from black crime) crumbles beneath the weight of depreciating property values and a lack of tax revenue to improve or maintain the existing infrastructure: this is the reality of why 83 percent black Detroit is now bankrupt.
To meet the growing demands for city service amidst a decline in tax revenue, the city needed to fill the gap, and it did so by increasing income and property tax rates, as well as by reducing the city workforce. Detroit introduced an income tax in 1962; voters authorized tax increases in 1969 and again in 1982.
In the 1990s, Detroit added taxes from casino gambling to its revenue stream, and in the first decade of the 2000s, the city reduced its workforce by about half.
The cuts in municipal employment threatened Detroit's precarious black middle class. While city jobs were seldom lucrative, they were stable, offering good health benefits and modest pensions and medical insurance for retirees. Public employment in Detroit (and around the country) was a lifeline for black professionals, clerical workers (especially women), and also blue-collar workers. As Detroit deindustralized, one of the city's few bright lights was the availability of government employment, as well as jobs in institutions that relied heavily on government funding and contracts (such as universities, social service contractors, and hospitals).
At the beginning of 2013, about 40,000 workers in Detroit were employed in the public sector. The city's top employers included two hospitals: Wayne State University; city, state, and federal governments; and the Detroit Public Schools. But each of these came under siege as the result of austerity politics. State and federal budget cuts led to a decline in public employment, in Detroit and nationwide. The municipal bankruptcy hastened the process. (p. xvii-xviii)
Some call in regression to the mean; we call it regression to the black mean.
You call it Detroit.
It's right there in front of you, though Dr. Sugrue would have you believe it's white peoples duty to pay taxes (via regionalism and a transfer of tax revenue from the white suburbs to support the unfortunately - now - majority black city) to keep the black population afloat.
You won't see the Koch brothers, Senator Rand Paul, the Cato Foundation, or by-the-book Austrian economists asking the question as to why the black population of Detroit can't create the climate where entrepreneurs flourish, but SBPDL will: it's the same reason the city is the ruin porn capital of the world.
The combination of job loss, depopulation, disinvestment, property devaluation, and commercial decline... was all courtesy of the rising proportion of the black population, as it drove away productive white people with its vice, misery, and crime.
That's it. Nothing more. Nothing less