“I saw no minorities or women as astronauts. Could I help make a difference?"
|Nearly 45 years ago (July 16, 1969), Apollo 11 was launched: the culmination of a society, a civilization dedicated to merit (by definition: discrimination)|
But to be able to look upon the moon on July 8, 1969, knowing no man had ever set foot upon (and the wonderment of what would come after they did) is a thought I'd trade anything for at this point.
For we live in a world where we now know what came next.
The abandonment of space exploration for the ceaseless, never-ending promotion of blacks (and now all racial minorities and aggrieved special interests groups).
And in the 45 years since we first went to the moon, the trillions of dollars (and untold hundreds of trillions of opportunity costs lost) spent on this 24/7/365 campaign to dismantle our civilization to the benefit of blacks has - if you open your eyes up for only a moment - produced example after example after example our ancestors knew far more than we did about race.
Though will never know what truly went through his mind, Deke Slayton was perhaps the most important man behind the success of NASA from 1962 to 1972 (the era before diversity became the primary goal of the space agency instead of, you know, space exploration). Slayton was the voice of the Mercury astronauts, the man who selected the crews who flew the Gemini, Apollo, and Skylab missions.
Deke! U.S. Manned Space: From Mercury to the Shuttle is the story of Donald K. "Deke" Slayton, an autobiography of man whose greatness is an embarrassment to our generation.
In his book, Deke explains how the astronaut candidates was selected in an era before black women (with a huge racial chip on their shoulder) like Ruth Bates Harris came to lord over NASA and derail our space efforts - momentarily - for the promotion of the same people who would inherit Detroit via white flight and turn it into... Detroit.
This is how Deke describes how astronauts were selected, and how even in 1962 the Federal Government was working to promote blacks as the primary goal of every mission:
All the while the astronaut selection process continued. We had known going into the 1962 selection that we would need more astronauts at some point in the future, so as the nine new guys completed their initial training, we decided to pick up some more.
Gemini was always intended to consist of ten or eleven manned flights - that was a minimum of twenty seats right there. Then you had Apollo, which in at that point called for the following:
Four manned Apollo earth orbit missions launched with the Saturn I rocket beginning in 1965.
Two to four manned Apollo earth orbit missions on the Saturn IB beginning in 1966.
At least six manned earth and lunar orbit missions on the Saturn V beginning in 1967.
All this was designed to lead up to a manned lunar landing in 1968-1969.
The procedure and qualifications were pretty similar to the recruitment for the 1962 group, though we dropped the test pilot requirement, figuring we had just about drained the pool. Applicants with operational flying backgrounds or advanced degrees in related areas would be accepted. It was with this selection, however, that I got caught in my first, last, and only political battle over astronaut selection.
The Kennedy Administration, particularly the President's brother, Robert, thought there should be a black astronaut. the Navy didn't have anyone remotely qualified, but in the Air Force there was a black bomber pilot, Captain Edward Dwight, who had applied for Yeager's Aerospace Research Pilot School (ARPS).
The trouble was, his multiengine background, lack of an engineering degree, and lack of the normal test pilot school caused him to be ranked pretty far down the list of applicants. (The school normally enrolled eight at a time.)
The pressure started with General LeMay, who was ordered by Bobby Kennedy to get Dwight enrolled at ARPS. Yeager resisted - it wasn't about racism, it was just that according to the rankings, Dwight had finished in the middle of the pack. Yeager thought it would be reverse racism to enroll Dwight ahead of pilots with better qualifications.
They worked out a deal: Dwight would be enrolled, but so would all those pilots on the list ahead of him. That's why that year the ARPS had a class of fourteen rather than eight.
Dwight got through the school and did okay, even though Yeager brought in a tutor for him, all of that. But okay wasn't really enough. Remember, NASA wasn't just looking at the ARPS graduates as potential astronauts: our pool included the Navy and the Marines, civilian pilots and now research scientists, not to mention other Air Force pilots and test pilots, some of whom had really proved themselves in flight test. These were guys like Michael Collins, a good applicant for the 1962 group who had been held back to get another year experience. or Dick Gordon, who was one of the Navy's best pilots.
As I hear it, Dwight himself wasn't particularly driven to become an astronaut.Merit.
I had already developed a point system that we used in making the final evaluations on astronaut candidates. There were three parts: academic, pilot performance, and character/motivation, ten points for each part, with thirty being the highest possible score. Some of it was cut-and-dry: you got points for a certain amount of flying and for education. Some of it, by design, was subjective and based on face-to-face interviews. Just based on the flying and technical matters, Dwight finished out of the running. (p. 132-133)
This was what built America.
The promotion of those without merit, but with melanin.
This is what has helped bring America to her knees.
One of the three men part of Apollo 11, Michael Collins, wrote in his Carrying the Fire: An Astronaut's Journey this about Deke's system for evaluating potential candidates:
Deke proposed a system which had been used in previous selections, and with minor modifications we agreed. it was a thirty-point system divided equally into three parts: academics, pilot performance, character and motivation. "Academics" was really a misnomer, as an examination of its components will reveal: IQ score - one point; academic degrees, honors, and other credentials - four points; results of NASA-administred aptitude tests- three points; and results of a technical interview - two points. Pilot performance broke down into: examination of flying records (total time, type of airplane, etc.) - three points; flying rating by test pilot school or other supervisors - one point; and results of technical interview - six points. Character and motivation was not subdivided, but the entire ten-point package was examined in the interview, and the victim's personality was an important part of it. Hence, of the thirty points, eighteen could be awarded during the all-important interview.Merit.
This was how we went to the moon.
It was no hoax, anymore than building a railroad from one coast to the other or laying a wire to transmit cables from the North American continent to Europe was a hoax.
|45 years after the moon landing: the culmination of Ruth Bates Harris dream of a coalition of minority subverting the system and remaking it as their own. An image from 83 percent black Detroit|
A much different civilization went to the moon, just as much different civilization helped turn the Arsenal of Democracy into a living, breathing experiment in racial realities in 2014.
Ruth Bates Harris autobiography Harlem Princess triumphantly concludes with a depiction of Congressional Hearings into the overwhelming whiteness of NASA from 1962 -1972.
It is this world we still live in:
During the summer of 1972, concern about the lack of women and minorities in the astronaut program was particularly strong. At the National Urban League convention during the first week of August, the absence of black, Chicano, and women astronauts was a topic of conversation. It was during this period that Representative Charles B. Rangel (D., New York) called upon the US Civil Rights Commission to conduct an investigation of NASA to determine why it had no black, Spanish, or women astronauts. Rangel said: Something is seriously wrong when not a single member of the 42-man astronaut corps is female, Black or Hispanic. During its 14-year history, NASA has had only one Black nominee to be an astronaut. [H was Major Robert H. Lawrence with the AF MOL Program, who was killed in an F-104 aircraft accident before he had the opportunity to join NASA.] John Buggs, the newly appointed Staff Director of the US Civil Rights Commission, responded to Rangel by declaring that “an investigation of NASA would fall in line with the responsibility of the commission.” As a result, Jeffrey M. Miller, Director, Office of Federal Civil Rights Evaluation, told NASA in a letter written August 12, 1972:When you look back on the past 45 years, the criticism of the white men who successfully administered and participated in the Apollo project - starting in 1973 by Ruth Bates Harris, whose goal was "“We ought to have one big coalition. . . [of african americans and] . . . all our minorities [with which] we could change anything in this system.” - should have served as a warning to any right thinking person something was seriously rotten in the states of America.
The commission recently received a letter from Congressman Rangel which asserted that all of the astronauts in NASA’s space program are white males. In view of the important part that this program plays on our lives and the great psychological impact that media coverage of our manned space efforts has on millions or (sic) people around the world, this figure if true is most distressing.Miller asked for specific and detailed information on astronauts, to include race, ethnicity, and sex for past and present astronauts, a description of the manner in which they were selected and an explanation of minority and female underutilization, if such was the case: and NASA’s detailed plans for increasing the participation of minorities and women in the group selected for space missions. On Friday, January 11, 1975, Senator William Proxmire (D., Wisconsin), chairman of the Space Science and Veterans Committee, opened hearings to investigate operations of the NASA Equal Opportunity Office. Senator Proxmire stated that “Nothing has exemplified NASA’s achievement more than our astronaut program, and he properly recognized the fine character and achievement of the young astronauts. It has been not only the Agency’s showpiece but indeed the country’s showpiece.” His concern, however, was that “the astronaut corps had no black or females currently in training as astronauts,” Willis Shapley, NASA Associate Deputy Administrator, responded to Senator Proxmire in his testimony:
… Mr. Chairman… I think the space program of that period may be criticized for not having taken aggressive enough measures to insure that there were qualified women and blacks and other minorities… I should mention that the requirements and the preparation specifically… for the Shuttle program definitely include the provision for females astronauts. (p. 264-265 Harlem Princess)
Thoughts sometimes stray away from madness of reality, allowing a momentary, fantastical glimpse into the old "what might have been" mindset.
Today, our government actively floods this "nation" with a people who can only look upon the moon and use its light as a guide to invade and flood our borders.
Our destiny is not Detroit.
It's not Baltimore.
It's not Newark or the incredible savagery found in the black parts of Chicago, where 84 people were shot over one July 4th weekend...
We must survive what's coming, to remind those who come after us of what they inherit and what they must safeguard for the future.
For the current state of the country... is not it.
The current state of the United States of America is the fruition of Ruth Bates Harris dream of a coalition of minorities rising together to dismantle what whites built, and remake as their own (though they'll never take credit for the blight and ruin in their cities, instead blaming the lack of whites for the collapse of civility and civilization).
We call this "system" Detroit.
Men like Deke Slayton and Michael Collins took for granted that merit was the most valuable way to judge character and competence; in our day, we are forced to push merit aside and judge exclusively by the color of ones skin, as long as we remember: 1. black is good; 2. white is bad.
The former mindset went to the moon; the latter mindset enabled the creation of 2014 Detroit.
The collective, individuals efforts of hundreds of thousands of white people enabled man to land on the moon; the collective, individual efforts of hundreds of thousands of black people enabled Detroit to crumble in its own footprint.